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THE EXTENDED FAMILY OF THE FRENCH PRESIDENT, NICOLAS SARKOZY (DE  NAGY-BOCSA): UPDATE/LA FAMILLE ET LES LIENS DIRECTS ET INDIRECTS DE PARENTE DU PRESIDENT DE
LA REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE, NICOLAS SARKOZY (DE NAGY-BOCSA)

THE BEST VIVID DESCRIPTION OF BRITISH UPPER-CLASS NOBILITY, ACCORDING TO JULIAN FELLOWES' SNOBS

SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF ELECTED POLITICAL FIGURES (FRANCE, GERMANY, RUSSIA, UNITED KINGDOM, USA)

ROYAL STYLES

WHAT IS MISSING IN THE CHICAGO MANUAL OF STYLE ?

THE SUCCESSION RULES IN MONARCHIES

 

 

St Kitts & Nevis: Discovered by Christophus Columbus in 1493, St Kitts was colonized by the British in 1623 and Nevis in 1628 ...

St Lucia: Discovered by Christophus Columbus in 1502, this island became an English settlement from 1605 until 1638 when it became a French dependency ...

St Vincent & The Grenadines: Discovered in 1498 by Christophus Columbus, the islands were a British colony since 1783 ...

Samoa: A League of Nations mandate on 17/12/1920 then UN mandate in 1946, becoming the Independent State of Western Samoa on 1/1/1962, renamed Samoa on 4/7/1997 under a
semi-dynastic rule ...

Saudi Arabia: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia set up on 22/9/1932 results from the Saudi Kings' conquests or reconquests of ...
1. Saudi Arabia : Brief History, Sources, Dynasty, Religion, Qualification and Titles, Orders and Decorations, Glossary, Dynasty HeadChildren

2. Brothers and Sisters:
* Children and Descendants of HM King Abdul Aziz (chronological ranking)

3. Brothers and Sisters:
* Children and Descendants of HM King Abdul Aziz (by respective mothers ranking)
* Children and Descendants of HM King Fahd
* Children and Descendants of HM King Saud

4. Brothers and Sisters:
* Children and Descendants of HM King Faisal
* Children and Descendants of HM King Khalid

5. Other members of the Family:
* Children and Descendants of Amir Saud (III)
* Children and Descendants of Amir Abdullah (III)
* Children and Descendants of Amir Abdullah (II) (Pces
Al Thunayan)

6. Other members of the Family:
* Son of Amir Khalid
* Children and Descendants of Amir Faisal (I)
* Children and Descendants of Amir Turki (Pces
Al Turki & Pces Al Jiluwi)
* Sons of Amir Abdullah (I)
* Sons of Amir Saud (II)
* Sons and Descendants of Amir Abdul Aziz (I)
* Sons and Descendants of Amir Muhammad
* Sons and Descendants of Amir Saud (I) (among them: Pces
Al Fahran & Pces Al Thunayan)

7. Predecessors

Saudi Arabia
* Anayzah, Anniza
*
Asheerat Al Mahlaf: One of the Saudi tribes in Araar ...
*
Asir: Sayyid Ahmad al Idris, from Morocco, when going to Mecca, settled in 1830 in Asir (meaning in Arab: the Unreachable), where Shaikh Hamud in Abu Arish gave him the city of Sabija. Asir
depended on the Ottoman Empire from 1871 until 1914 ...
*
Ayyanah: under development
*
Bani Khalid: One of the main Saudi tribes ...
*
Banu Thaqif: A Saudi tribe in Taif
*
Dahm: A Saudi and Yemeni tribe that was defeated by the Shia Wayilah tribe in 2000 ...
*
Fitaih: Also named the Al Fitaih tribe ...
*
Ghamdi: A 600,000-people tribe also named Al Ghamdi. Abu al Walid Al Ghamdi alias Al Oufi belonged to this tribe: he had contributed some of the hijackers of 9/11 ...
*
Habbab: Also named the Al Habbab tribe ...
*
Hail: A town in Northern Arabia, ruled since 1835 by the Al Rashid Amirs, from the Al Jaafar section of the Abda clan of the Shammar tribe, overthrown in 1921 by Abd al Aziz Ibn Saud ...
*
Harb: The Bedouin Harb tribe descended from black Nubian women from Egypt ...
*
Jebel Shammar
*
Murra: Also named the Al Murra or Al Murrah tribe ...
*
Mutayr: One of the main Saudi tribes ...
*
Najran: Ecclesiastic principality, originally part of Yemen, belonging since 1926 to the Kingdom to Najd, later Saudi Arabia ...
*
Obaidah: A group of tribes ...
*
Qahtan: A Saudi tribe in Asir ...
*
Quraysh: A very old tribe of Hijaz, the tribe of Prophet Mohammad. Today, the tribe of the National Guard of the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia ...
*
Rashid (Al)
*
Shalawah: A Saudi tribe ...
*
Shaml Musa: A group of tribes ...
*
Utaiba: One of the main Saudi tribes ...
*
Watba: Also named the Al Watba tribe ...
*
Wayilah: A tribe that does not recognize the border between Saudi Arabia and Yemen ...
*
Yam: A Saudi tribe in Asir ...

Senegal
* Baol: A kingdom separated from the kingdom of Wolof (or Djolof) in the 16th century, united with the kingdom of Cayor in the 17th century ...
* Cayor: In 1549 or in 1566 in Danki, Detie Fu Ndiogu became independent from the kingdom of Wolof (or Djolof) with the title of Damel ...
*
Guet: A principality given in the 13th century by the King of Wolof (or Djolof) to one of his descendants ...
*
Hamdallaha
*
Koungheul: A Serer principality vassal to the Serer kingdoms of Sine and Saloum ...
*
Macina: A kingdom created at the beginning of the 19th century by a follower of Uthman dan Fodio, with a new capital city named Hamdallaha ...
*
Mandak: A Serer principality vassal to the Serer kingdoms of Sine and Saloum ...
* Oussouye: Oussouye, a 6,700-people area, 45 km from Ziguinchor on the bridge of Niambalang and 35 km from Cap Skirring, is the capital city of the Ziguinchor Region, also known as Low
Casamance ...
*
Pakala: A Serer principality vassal to the Serer kingdoms of Sine and Saloum ...
*
Rip: A Serer principality founded in the 13th century, vassal to the Serer kingdoms of Sine and Saloum. The last animist king was killed in 1861 ...

Shan States: The Shan people, connected to the Thai people, originated in Southern China in ancient times, spreading to the West (Burma, today Myanmar) and to the South (Cambodia, Laos,
Thailand and Vietnam). In Burma, the Shans deposed the Pagan dynasty in 1325 ...

Siam, see Thailand

Sierra Leone
* Badjia: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Bagbo: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Bagbwe: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Bagruna: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Bambara (Lower)
*
Bambara (Upper)
*
Banta (Lower): A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Banta (Upper)
*
Baoma: A chiefdom and town in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Barri: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Bendu Cha: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Biriwa: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
BKM
*
Bombali Shebora: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Brimaia: A chiefdom in the Kambia district in the Northern Province, a reunion of the Konimaka and Brimaia chiefdoms in 1947 ...
*
Bum: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Bumpe: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Bumpe Gao: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Bureh Kasseh Maconteh: A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province, a reunion of Bureh and Maconteh chiefdoms in 1947, added by Kasseh in 1959 ...
*
Buya Romende: A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province ...
*
Dama: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Dasse: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Dea: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Debia: A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province ...
*
Dema: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Dembelia Sikunia: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Diang: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Dodo: A chiefdom and town in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Fakunya: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Fiama: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Folasaba: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Fori: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Gallines Perri: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Gaura: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Gbane: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Gbane Kandor: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Gbanti Kamaranka: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Gbendembu Ngowahun: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Gbense: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Gbinle Dixing: A chiefdom in the Kambia district in the Northern Province ...
*
Gbo: A chiefdom and town in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Gbonkolenken: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Gorama Kono: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Gorama Mende: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Imperri: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Jaiama Bongor: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Jaluahun: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Jawei: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Jong: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Kafe Simiria: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Kaffu Bullom: A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province ...
*
Kagboro: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Kaiyamba: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Kakua: A chiefdom and town in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Kalansogoia: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Kamajei: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Kamara: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Kandu Leppiam: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Kasunko: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Kholifa: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Kholifa Mabang: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Kissi Kama: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Kissi Teng: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Kissi Tongi: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Komboya: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Kongbora: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Konimaka
*
Kowa: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Koya (Eastern Province): A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Koya (Northern Province): A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province ...
*
Kpaka: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Kpanda Kemo: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Kpanga Kagonde: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Kunike: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Kunike Barina: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Kwamebai Krim: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Langurama: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Lei: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Libeisaygahun: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Loko Massama: A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province ...
*
Lower Bambara: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Lower Banta
*
Luawa: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Lugbu: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Mafindor: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Maforki: A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province, a reunion of the Bakeh Loko (Central Loko) and Maforki (Old Port Loko) in 1949 ...
*
Magbaiamba Ndowahun: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Magbema: A chiefdom in the Kambia district in the Northern Province ...
*
Makari Gbanti: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Makpele: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Malal Mara: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Malegohun: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Malema: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Malen: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Mambolo: A chiefdom and city in the Kambia district in the Northern Province ...
*
Mandu: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Mano Sakrim: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Marampa: A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province ...
*
Masimera: A chiefdom and city in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province ...
*
Masungbala: A chiefdom in the Kambia district in the Northern Province ...
*
Mongo: A chiefdom and city in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Neya: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Niawa: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Niawa Lenga: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Nieni: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Nimikoro: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Nimiyama: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Nomo: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Nongoba Bullom: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Nongowa: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Paki Masagbong: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Panga Krim: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Peje: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Peje Bongre: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Peje West: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Penguia: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Ribbi: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Safroko Limba: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
* Sambaia: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Samu: A chiefdom in the Kambia district in the Northern Province ...
*
Sanda Loko: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Sanda Magbolontor: A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province ...
*
Sanda Tenraren: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Sandor: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Selenga: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Sella Limba: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Sengbe: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Simbaru: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Sittia: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Small Bo: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Soa: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Sogbini: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Soro Gbema: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Sowa: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Sulima: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Tainkatopa Makama Safroko: A chiefdom in the Port Loko district in the Northern Province ...
*
Tambakha: A chiefdom in the Bombali district in the Northern Province ...
*
Tane: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...
*
Tankoro: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Tikonko: A chiefdom and town in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Timdale: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
TMS
*
Toli: A chiefdom in the Kono district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Tonko Limba: A chiefdom in the Kambia district in the Northern Province ...
*
Tunkia: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Upper Bambara: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Upper Banta: A chiefdom in the Moyamba district in the Southern Province ...
*
Valunia: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Wando: A chiefdom in the Kenema district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Wara Wara Bafodea: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Wara Wara Yagala: A chiefdom in the Koinadugu district in the Northern Province ...
*
Wonde: A chiefdom in the Bo district in the Southern Province ...
*
Yawbeko: A chiefdom in the Bonthe district in the Southern Province ...
*
Yawei: A chiefdom in the Kailahun district in the Eastern Province ...
*
Yekomo Kpukumu Krim: A chiefdom in the Pujehun district in the Southern Province ...
*
Yoni: A chiefdom in the Tonkolili district in the Northern Province ...

Singapore: The Sultanate of Singapore was created with the British East India Company's support on 6/2/1819 on the old Sultanate of Malacca ...

Solomon Islands: These Pacific islands were discovered in 1568 by Alvaro de Mendana. From 1885 until 1893, they were German and thereafter, became a British protectorate until 1976 ...

Somalia
* Bargal
:  The Majeerteen Sultanate was created in the mid 18th century ...
*
Buur Heybe: A sultanate founded at the end of the 19th century by a scion of the Sultanate of Geledi ...
* Garaad

* Geledi: A sultanate founded before 1840 ...
* Gerad
*
Gosha: A short-lived Bantu sultanate in former Italian Somalia, named after the Bantu Gosha people who were brought to Somalia as slaves ...
* Hobyo: Yusuf Ali Keenadid, a pretender to the sultanate of the Majerteen, exiled to Yemen after a failed coup d'├ętat, invaded Hobyo from Hadramut in 1878 and proclaimed himself sultan ...
* Majerteen
* North East Somaliland
* Obbia, Obbio
* Somaliland: The Garad was considered as the premier ruler of northern Somalia and took the title of sultan in 1897 ...
* Warsangeli: One of the largest sultanates in Somalia that ruled around the borders of British Somaliland ...

South Africa
* AbaThembu: A tribe incorporated into Cape Colony in 1875. The most eminent representative is President Nelson Mandela ...
* AmaGasela: A Xhosa tribe incorporated into Cape Colony in 1885 ...
* AmaGcaleka
* AmaNdebele
* AmaNtinde: A Xhosa tribe incorporated into Cape Colony in 1885 ...
* AmaPondo
* AmaRabe
* AmaRharhabe: A Xhosa tribe incorporated into Cape Colony in 1885 ...
* AmaXhosa: A Xhosa tribe incorporated into Cape Colony in 1885 ...

* Babina Noko Ba Mampuru: A polity in the Tubatse Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Babirwa (Blouberg): A polity in the Blouberg Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Babirwa (Waterberg): A polity in the Waterberg District of the Limpopo Province ...

* Bafokeng: A 300,000 people kingdom created in the 12th century by Batswana. Bafokeng means the people of the mist, a name given to the kingdom since the 16th century ...

* Bahananwa: A polity in the Blouberg Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Bahlakwana Ba Rantho: A polity in the Sekhukhune District of the Limpopo Province ...
* Bakenberg: A polity in the Waterberg District of the Limpopo Province ...
* Bakone Ba Lekalakala: A polity in the Mogalakwena Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Bakone Ba Matlala (Aganang): A polity in the Aganang Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Bakone Ba Matlala (Marble Hall): A polity in the Marble Hall Municipality of the Limpopo Province...
* Bakone Ba Matlala (Mogalakwena): A polity in the Mogalakwena Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Bakone Ba Seopela: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Bakwena-Matsepe: A polity in the Globlersdal Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Balobedu
* BaPedi
* Bapedi-Ba-Dinkwanyane: A polity in the Tubatse Municipality of the Limpopo Province
* Bapedi Ramaube: A polity in the Tubatse Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Ba-Phalaborwa: A polity in the Mopani District of the Limpopo Province ...
* Ba-Selwana: A polity in the Ba-Phalaborwa Municipality of the Limpopo Province
* Ba-Shai Ditlou: A polity in the Ba-Phalaborwa Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Bathlabine: A polity in the Mopani District of the Limpopo Province ...
* Bokopa: A polity in the Globlersdal Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Dinkwanyane
* Ditlou Machidi: A polity in the Capricorn District of the Limpopo Province ...
* Dzumeri: A polity in the Mopani District of the Limpopo Province ...
* East AmaPondo: A Xhosa tribe divided on 29/10/1867 between East AmaPondo and West AmaPondo, incorporated into Cape Colony on 17/3/1894 ...
* East Pondoland
* Gasela
* Gcaleka
* Griqua: The Griqua (in Afrkaans: Griekwa) are a subgroup of South Africa's heterogeneous and multiracial couloured people ...
*
Hlaneki: A polity in the Giyani Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Hlubi AkwaTyefu
* Homu: A polity in the Giyani Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* ImiDushane KaNdlambe: A Xhosa tribe incorporated into Cape Colony in 1885 ...
* ImiQhayi: A Xhosa tribe incorporated into Cape Colony in 1885 ...
* Kone Maloma: A polity in the Sekhukhune District of the Limpopo Province ...
* Koni Legare: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* Koni Phuti: A polity in the Tubatse Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
* KwaNdebele
* KwaZulu: A very important tribe that gave rise to a Homeland from 9/6/1970 until 26/4/1994, when all the Homelands were suppressed. The South African government in the Apartheid days
considered
to grant KwaZulu’s independence as a Kingdom ...
*
Lovedu: A small 20,000 people tribe also called Balobedu ...
*
Maake
*
Mabunda: A polity in the Mopani District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Machaka: A polity in the Molemole Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Madihlaba: A polity in the Sekhukhune District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Maepa
*
Magolego
*
Mahumani: A polity in the Giyani Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Majeje: A polity in the Ba-Phalaborwa Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Makgato: A polity in the Blouberg Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Maloma
*
Mamaila (Molototsi): A polity in the Letaba Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mamaila (Soekmekaar): A polity in the Letaba Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mampuru
*
Manala
*
Manthata: A polity in the Capricorn District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mapela: A polity in the Mogalakwena Municipality of the Limpopo Province
*
Maraba: A polity in the Aganang Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Marota Marolaneng: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Maseke: A polity in the Ba-Phalaborwa Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Masemola: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mashabela: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Masha-Makopole: A polity in the Fetakgomo Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mashashane: A polity in the Aganang Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mashegoane: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mashishi
*
Mathabatha: A polity in the Capricorn District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mathebe: A polity in the Globlersdal Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mathevula: A polity in the Giyani Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Matlala: A polity in the Marble Hall Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Matsepe
*
Modjadji
*
Mohlala: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Mphahlele: A polity in the Lepelle-Nkumpi Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Msengi: A polity in the Giyani Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Nchabeleng
*
Ndebele: A polity in the Sekhukhune District and in Globlersdal Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Ndengeza: A polity in the Giyani Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Nkidikitlana: A polity in the Waterberg District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Ndundza
*
Nkuna: A polity in the Mopani District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Nkuri: A polity in the Giyani Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Ntinde
*
Phahlamohlaka
*
Pheeha: A polity in the Letaba Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Phooko: A polity in the Letaba Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Ponda, Pondo, Pondoland
*
Rahlagane: A polity in the Marble Hall Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Rammutla: A polity in the Blouberg Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Ramokgoba: A polity in the Molemole Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Rantho
*
Raphahlelo: A polity in the Letaba Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Ratau Makgane: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Rharhabe
*
Roka Mashabela: A polity in the Sekhukhune District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Roka Masishi: A polity in the Sekhukhune District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Roka Mohlana: A polity in the Tubatse Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Seakamela: A polity in the Capricorn District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Sekgopo: A polity in the Mopani District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Seleka: A polity in the Waterberg District of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Seopela
*
Shai
*
Shiviti: A polity in the Giyani Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Swazi-Mnyamane: A polity in the Tubatse Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Tau-Mankotsane: A polity in the Fetakgomo Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
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Tau-Nchabeleng: A polity in the Fetakgomo Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
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Tau-Phahlamohlaka: A polity in the Fetakgomo Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Tembu, Thembo, Thembu
*
Tisane: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
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Tlokwa Magolego: A polity in the Makhuduthamaga Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
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Transvaal
*
Tswako Maepa: A polity in the Tubatse Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Tswako-Mohlala: A polity in the Tubatse Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
Valoyi: A 200,000 people tribe at the Mamitwa Headkraal in the Tzaneen Muncipality in the Limpopo Province ...
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Vuyani: A polity in the Letaba Municipality of the Limpopo Province ...
*
West AmaPondo: A tribe divided on 29/10/1867 between East AmaPondo and West AmaPondo, incorporated into Cape Colony on 17/3/1894 ...
*
West Pondoland
*
Western Thembuland
* Xhosa
*
Zoutpansberg: In the early 1850s, Portuguese adventurer Joao Albasini established a prazero settlement on the Zoutpansberg ...
*
Zulu

Sri Lanka
*
Jaffna: Jaffna was ruled by Tamil kings from medieval times until conquered by the Portuguese in 1615 ...
*
Kandy: The Kingdom of Kandy was the last independant kingdom in Ceylon, resisting to the Portuguese, the Dutch and later to the British who finally annexed Kandy in 1815 ...

Sudan
* Anuak: A 70,000-people polity in southeastern Sudan and western Ethiopia ...
*
Darfur: In Western Sudan, a Sultanate known since the Kayra dynasty ruled c1640, annexed by Egypt in 1874, restored in 1898 and again annexed by the British in 1916 ...
* Dar Runga: A sultanate vassal of the Sultanate of Ouaddai ...
*
Fazughli: under development
*
Halfa: under development
*
Sennar: under development
*
Shandi, Shendi: under development
*
Shilluk: Nilotic people living along the west bank of the Nile in the south of Sudan. The Shilluk were historically united in a single tribal state headed by a divine king (Reth) ...
*
Tegelai: A state suppressed in 1969 ...

Swaziland: A British protectorate on 6/7/1902, Swaziland received autonomy on 25/4/1967 and became an independent kingdom on 6/9/1968 ...

Syria
* Antioch and all the East (Orthodox): Created in the 1st century. The Patriarchate has 11 metropolitans and 3 bishops in North and South America. The Patriarchate ranks third behind the
Patriarchates of Constantinople and Alexandria ...

THE MAIN LEGACY OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE : THE MILLET


* Antioch, Alexandria, Jerusalem and All the Orient (Melkite Catholic): The Greek Melkite Catholic Church, reunited with Rome by Patriarch Cyril V in 1709 ...
* Druze
*
Hauran: The Druze population of Hauran, led by Sultan al Atrash, fighted in 1925 against the French troops ...